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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The death of lung tissue that may result from an obstruction of the pulmonary artery is called a:

Choose correct answer/s
A

pulmonary embolism.

B

pleural effusion.

C

pulmonary infarction.

D

pulmonary empyema.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

All of the following are associated with the formation of a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) EXCEPT:

Choose correct answer/s
A

blood vessel injury.

B

age greater than 40 years.

C

hypercoagulability.

D

venous stasis.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The best test for diagnosing a suspected pulmonary embolism is a(n):

Choose correct answer/s
A

spiral computerized tomography scan.

B

pulmonary function test.

C

electrocardiogram.

D

chest radiograph.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

A pulmonary angiogram is usually ordered:

Choose correct answer/s
A

as the first test to identify a pulmonary embolism.

B

when other tests for a pulmonary embolism are inconclusive.

C

in conjunction with a magnetic resonance image to identify a pulmonary embolism.

D

in conjunction with an extremity venogram to identify a pulmonary embolism.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

A patient's D-dimer blood test results show a value of 250 ng/mL. How should these results be interpreted?

Choose correct answer/s
A

The patient does not have a pulmonary embolism.

B

The patient's anticoagulant level is acceptable.

C

The patient has a pulmonary embolism.

D

The patient has a deep vein thrombosis.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

The duplex venous ultrasonography test is used to:

Choose correct answer/s
A
diagnose a blood clot below the knee.
B
identify a saddle embolism.
C
diagnose a blood clot behind the knee or thigh.
D
identify a pulmonary infarction.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

All of the following are preventive measures taken with patients at high risk for thromboembolic disease EXCEPT:

Choose correct answer/s
A
Drink lots of water.
B
Dangle your legs over the edge of the bed before getting up.
C
Walk frequently.
D
Wear compression stockings.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

The respiratory therapist is listening to the heart sounds of a patient with a suspected pulmonary embolus. The therapist could expect to hear all of the following EXCEPT:

Choose correct answer/s
A
increased second heart Sound (S2).
B
increased splitting of the second heart sound (S2).
C
third heart sound (S3).
D
fourth heart sound (S4).
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

In order to prevent pulmonary emboli, a filter may be placed into which of the following vessels to prevent clots from being carried into the pulmonary circulation?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Subclavian vein
B
Pulmonary artery
C
Thoracic duct
D
Inferior vena cava
E
Femoral artery
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

All of the following medications may be used to prevent pulmonary emboli EXCEPT:

Choose correct answer/s
A
enoxaparin.
B
dalteparin.
C
tinzaparin.
D
reteplase.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

A patient is on warfarin therapy for the prevention of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). The respiratory therapist should advise the patient to avoid eating all of the following EXCEPT:

Choose correct answer/s
A
broccoli.
B
spinach.
C
liver.
D
grapefruit.
E
orange juice.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

A pulmonary embolus produces which of the following ?/? abnormalities?

Choose correct answer/s
A
True shunting
B
Shunt effect
C
Dead space effect
D
True dead space
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