To determine the utility of the instruments for triangulation
To assess the relationships between the hypotheses and the research questions
To determine whether the concepts and variables were measured adequately
To assess whether the concept under study is being treated as a dependent or an independent variable
Reduced reliability, systematic error
Reduced validity, random error
Increased validity, systematic error
Increased validity, random error
Use the instrument in a parent study.
Use the instrument in a pilot study.
Assess the reliability of the instrument.
Assess the content validity of the instrument.