Research

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

 Skepticism exists regarding research in abnormal child psychology because _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

experts on childhood disorders frequently disagree

B

research findings in abnormal child psychology have no clear results

C

many conclusions from research with children produce the same findings

D

research findings are primarily extrapolated from adult studies

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

 The ______ of research findings is what advances the field of psychology.

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A

reliability

B

standardization

C

accumulation

D

validity

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

 When evaluating whether claims are scientifically believable, each of the following is a difference between science and pseudoscience EXCEPT

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A

the quality of evidence.

B

how evidence is organized.

C

how evidence is obtained.

D

how evidence is presented.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

 In research terms, research questions about behavior that follow from a theory are called ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

speculations

B

hypotheses

C

assumptions

D

proposals

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

 Because there is no one correct approach to research, most problems in abnormal child psychology are best studied by ____ .

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A

utilizing rigorous experiments

B

using case studies

C

using only one strategy

D

using multiple methods and strategies

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

 Evaluating the mental health of children can be particularly difficult due to the ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
cultural variations of what constitutes abnormal behavior
B
difference in psychological theories
C
limited amount of assessment tools available for children
D
vague information often given by children
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

 Factors such as SES, child's age, and cultural background affect the _____ of symptoms and disorders.

Choose correct answer/s
A
rate and expression
B
pervasiveness
C
outcome
D
termination
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

 Questions about the nature and distribution of childhood disorders are frequently addressed through ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
epidemiological research
B
regression analysis
C
correlation studies
D
efficacy studies
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

 The fact that effects of parental conflict and divorce may not surface immediately but rather years later is an example of ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
mediating variable
B
sleeper effect
C
correlate
D
risk factor
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

 ______ rates refer to the extent to which new cases of a disorder appear over a specified time period.

Choose correct answer/s
A
Comorbidity
B
Comortality
C
Incidence
D
Prevalence
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

 _____ rates refer to all cases of a disorder, whether new or previously existing, that are observed during a specified time period.

Choose correct answer/s
A
Comorbidity
B
Comortality
C
Incidence
D
Prevalence
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

 Variables that are associated at a particular point in time with no clear proof that one precedes the other are said to be ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
predictive
B
moderating
C
correlated
D
comorbid
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

 A variable that precedes an outcome of interest and increases the chances that the negative outcome will occur is a(n) ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
risk factor
B
protective factor
C
predictive factor
D
epidemiological factor
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

 Mediator variables are those that ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
predict the relationship among variables
B
have an independent effect on the existing relationship among variables
C
influence the direction or strength of the relationship between variables
D
refer to the process through which a variable produces an outcome
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

 Research into risk and protective factors requires that large samples of children be studied and multiple areas of functioning be assessed over long periods of time because ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
the areas of child functioning that will be affected are known in advance
B
a high percentage of children who are at risk will develop the disorder
C
the ages at which a disorder may occur or reoccur is not known in advance
D
the risk and protective factor processes take years to develop
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

 ____ evaluate treatment outcomes for children who are unsystematically assigned to treatment and control conditions.

Choose correct answer/s
A
Efficacy studies
B
Case studies
C
Randomized controlled trials
D
Correlational studies
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

 Factors that influence the direction or strength of a relationship of variables of interest are called ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
correlated variables
B
mediator variables
C
risk variables
D
moderator variables
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

 If a study of the effect of divorce found a more negative impact for girls than for boys, sex will be a ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
protective factor
B
risk factor
C
mediating variable
D
moderating variable
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

 The process, mechanism, or means through which a variable produces a particular outcome is known as a(n) ____ variable.

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A
comorbid
B
correlated
C
mediating
D
moderating
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

 Questions about ________ are complicated because what qualifies varies according to the variables of interest as well as the causal chain.

Choose correct answer/s
A
effects
B
correlates
C
risks
D
causes
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