The Science Of Psychology

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

Psychology is defined as the ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

scientific study of why people do what they do

B

scientific study of behavior and mental processes

C

study of different states of consciousness

D

study of mental illness and its treatment

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Psychology is best described as a ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

theory

B

science

C

pseudoscience

D

hypothesis

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Which area of study is one of the American Psychological Association's foundational areas of contemporary psychology?

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A

Research design and statistical analysis

B

Psychodynamic theory

C

History of psychology

D

Developmental and social psychology

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

When psychologists conduct research through a systematic process of testing ideas about behavior, they are using ________ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

the scientific method

B

pseudopsychology

C

common sense

D

meditation

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Which statement is true?

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A

We are either left-brain or right-brain thinkers.

B

Personality is set by our teenage years.

C

Psychologists analyze the behavior of other species as well as humans.

D

During sleep, the brain rests.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Which statement is the most accurate?

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A
Most adults experience a midlife crisis in their 40s or 50s.
B
Stress can be caused by both good and bad life events.
C
Our memory works like a video recorder.
D
People with schizophrenia have multiple personalities.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

A scientific theory is a(n) ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
opinion that has very limited supporting facts
B
prediction of some future event
C
explanation of why and how a behavior occurs
D
method for testing hypotheses
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

A psychologist's explanation of a particular behavior is generally presented as a(n) ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
conclusion
B
example
C
misconception
D
theory
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is NOT included in a typical APA style research citation?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Author name(s)
B
Title of article
C
City location of journal
D
Pages of article in the journal
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Which statement is best classified as pseudopsychology?

Choose correct answer/s
A
By visualizing that a cancerous tumor is dying, you can cure yourself of cancer without chemotherapy.
B
Research published in professional journals shows that dogs can detect the scent of certain cancers.
C
A number of studies of childhood cancers show that there can be psychological effects long after successful treatment has ended.
D
According to research, successful pain control for persons with terminal cancer is possible.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

Correlation can be used only for making predictions, not for making ______________ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
a third variable
B
cause-and-effect statements
C
two variables correlate
D
observations
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

What is the best example of a pseudopsychological finding?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Studies show a relationship between academic achievement and class attendance.
B
Research suggests that we tend to be attracted to people who are similar to us.
C
Surveys have found that men tend to report falling in love faster than women.
D
We use only 10% of our brains and therefore, nearly everyone is actually a genius.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

Who is engaging in critical thinking?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Thomas, who typically develops a list of pros and cons for any important decision
B
Celeste, who relies on online ads for information about which product to purchase
C
Dalton, who determines what the group consensus is when making important decisions
D
Maria, who goes with her gut when deciding which new car to buy
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

A scientific theory ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
is typically a gross oversimplification
B
rarely has a basis in experimentation
C
provides a summary to guide thinking
D
has no practical, real-life importance
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

The process of analyzing and evaluating information and applying it to other situations is known as ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
critical thinking
B
pseudopsychology
C
sensation and perception
D
human factors research
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

The phrase, "Psychology has a long past, but a short history" clearly depicts the statement that

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A
although many negative events have characterized psychology's past, many positive events have occurred in recent years.
B
people have always been interested in explaining behavior, but psychology did not become a science until relatively recently.
C
psychology has been a science for hundreds of years, but only recently has the general public become interested in it.
D
although psychology has existed as a science for a very long time, it is being overshadowed by more exact sciences and will not likely survive beyond the current century.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

The first American woman to earn a doctorate in psychology was ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
Margaret Washburn
B
Karen Horney
C
Anna Freud
D
Rosalie Rayner
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

Psychology became a distinct field of scientific study in ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
1653
B
1776
C
1879
D
1928
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

Psychology's birth is linked with the first psychology laboratory, which was established by ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
Ivan Pavlov
B
James Watson
C
Sigmund Freud
D
Wilhelm Wundt
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Wundt attempted to detail the ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
structure of our behaviors
B
function of our mental experiences
C
function of our behaviors
D
structure of our mental experiences
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