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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following conditions occurs in 20% to 30% of hospitalized fire victims with facial burns?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

B

Upper airway obstruction

C

Pneumonia

D

Pulmonary embolism

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

A 65-year-old patient has third-degree skin burns over 30% of his body and a smoke inhalation injury. How does the combination of skin burns and smoke inhalation affect his prognosis?

Choose correct answer/s
A

It quadruples the mortality rate.

B

It more than triples the mortality rate.

C

It almost doubles the mortality rate.

D

There is no mortality change between having one or two concurrent problems.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Which portion of the pulmonary system will be affected by the inhalation of low-water solubility gases such as hydrogen chloride and phosgene?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Distal airways and alveoli

B

Pulmonary vascular bed

C

Upper airway

D

Pulmonary lymphatic system

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

All of the following will be typically found in the air of an enclosed house fire EXCEPT:

Choose correct answer/s
A

steam.

B

carbon monoxide.

C

hydrogen cyanide.

D

hydrogen chloride.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

A 10-year-old patient has inhaled hot gases, and an inspection of her mouth shows edema and blisters. What should the respiratory therapist recommend?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Perform a bronchoscopy to evaluate the trachea.

B

Perform endotracheal intubation.

C

Monitor her SpO2 once per shift.

D

Administer an aerosol treatment with racemic epinephrine.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

A patient with carbon monoxide poisoning has a COHb level of 20%. If the patient is given 100% oxygen, what will the approximate COHb level be in 1 hour?

Choose correct answer/s
A
15%
B
10%
C
5%
D
2.5%
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

All of the following classes of medications are commonly used in the care of patients with smoke inhalation injury EXCEPT:

Choose correct answer/s
A
parasympatholytics.
B
mucolytics.
C
sympathomimetics.
D
monoclonal antibody.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

The long-term effects of a smoke inhalation injury are:

Choose correct answer/s
A
obstructive lung disorders.
B
restrictive lung disorders.
C
obstructive and restrictive lung disorders.
D
neither obstructive nor restrictive lung disorders, since there is normally complete recovery.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

What COHb level is associated with a throbbing headache, nausea, vomiting, and impaired judgment?

Choose correct answer/s
A
1% to 10%
B
10% to 20%
C
20% to 30%
D
30% to 50%
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Which of the following radiographic findings would be associated with the intermediate stage of recovery from a serious smoke inhalation injury?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Pulmonary edema/ARDS
B
Patchy or segmental infiltrates
C
Empyema
D
Normal/full recovery
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

According to the Parkland Formula, what is the recommended volume of fluid that should be infused over a 24-hour period for each percent of body surface burned?

Choose correct answer/s
A
1 mL/kg of body weight
B
4 mL/kg of body weight
C
6 mL/kg of body weight
D
10 mL/kg of body weight
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

Which of the following would be recommended for the treatment of cyanide poisoning?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Aztreonam
B
Albuterol sulfate
C
Amyl nitrate
D
Aclidinium bromide
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

What level of carbon monoxide toxicity is associated with coma, convulsions, and Cheyne-Stokes respiration?

Choose correct answer/s
A
10% to 20% COHb
B
20% to 30% COHb
C
30% to 50% COHb
D
50% to 60% COHb
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

In an industrial accident, an adult incurred burns over his head and neck, both arms, and his anterior trunk. What percent of his BSA was burned?

Choose correct answer/s
A
27%
B
36%
C
45%
D
54%
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