Speech Perception

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

 Computer speech recognition is _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

better than human speech recognition under any condition

B

better than human speech recognition in accuracy

C

equal in all respects to human speech recognition

D

poorer than human speech recognition

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

 Which of the following can be considered an articulator

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A

a sound spectrogram

B

a running spectral display

C

the soft palate

D

an articulation agreement

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

 A sound spectrogram is a plot of _____ as a function of _____ , with darker areas representing greater intensity.

Choose correct answer/s
A

frequency; time

B

amplitude; frequency

C

time; amplitude

D

time; spatial location of sound source

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

 The vowel sound /ae/ (as in "had") has _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

a single formant

B

two formants

C

three formants

D

no formants

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

 As you produce the sound _____ , you place your tongue against the ridge above your upper teeth and then release a slight rush of air as you move your tongue away from the alveolar ridge.

Choose correct answer/s
A

/d/

B

/g/

C

/r/

D

/f/

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

 The _____ is the shortest segment of speech that, if changed, changes the meaning of the word.

Choose correct answer/s
A
formant
B
phoneme
C
tadoma
D
morpheme
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

 There are _____ phonemes for vowel sounds in the English language.

Choose correct answer/s
A
two
B
five?
C
six
D
thirteen
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

 Spectrograms of sentences show _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
that clear pauses occur between each spoken word
B
that formant transitions account for the breaks between words
C
no clear pauses or breaks between words
D
segmentation of words is easily accomplished by listeners in any context
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

 Listening to someone speak a foreign language you are not familiar with can lead to _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
the correspondence problem
B
the segmentation problem
C
the formant transition effect?
D
acoustic signaling
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

 When you say "bat" and "boot," the /b/ sound is articulated differently. This is an example of _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
phoneme contiguity
B
phoneme congruity
C
coarticulation
D
alveolar context
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

 Humans perceive the sound /b/ to be the same, even when the coarticulation of the sound is different. This phenomenon is an example of _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
perceptual constancy
B
acoustic consistency
C
phonemic transitions
D
the segmentation problem
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

 The overlap between the production of neighboring phonemes is called _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
contiguity
B
Consolidation
C
coarticulation
D
Context
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

 The ubiquitous "Whazzup!" is a sloppy pronunciation of "What's up
The spectrograms of each of these two spoken phrases would indicate _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
no difference in the spectrograms between the two phrases
B
only a difference in the frequency axis between the two phrases
C
that there is a pause in the middle of "What's up
D
major differences between the two, especially in the middle of the spectrograms
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

 The existence of phonetic boundaries _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
is currently debated among speech perception researchers
B
only occurs at VOTs of greater than 250 ms
C
has been demonstrated using discrimination experiments
D
shows that categorical perception does not occur in speech perception
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

 The voice onset time (VOT) for the sound /da/ is 17 ms, and the VOT for the sound /ta/ is 91 msec. When a computer produces a sound with a VOT of 65 ms, listeners are likely to report hearing _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
the /da/ sound
B
the /ta/ sound
C
the /ja/ sound
D
a combination of /ta/ and /da/
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

 The McGurk effect illustrates the importance of _____ on speech perception.

Choose correct answer/s
A
the motor cortex
B
articulators
C
formants
D
vision
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

 The McGurk effect is most similar to which of the following performers

Choose correct answer/s
A
ventriloquists
B
hockey players
C
ballet dancers
D
gymnasts
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

 Jessica looks at Ashlee on a videotape. Ashlee's lips are making the movement for the sound /fa-fa/, but the sound that is actually presented is the acoustic signal for /ba-ba/. What sound is Jessica most likely to report hearing

Choose correct answer/s
A
/fa-fa/
B
/ba-ba/
C
/da-da/
D
/ta-ta/
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

 Research using fMRI has found that, although _____ is activated when paying attention to the sounds of familiar voices, it is NOT activated when paying attention to the sounds of unfamiliar voices.

Choose correct answer/s
A
the FFA
B
the STS
C
Wernicke's area
D
Broca's area
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

 Rubin et al. (1976) asked participants to respond when they heard a word that started with the /b/ sound. The average response time when real words were used was _____ ; and _____ when non-words were used.

Choose correct answer/s
A
100 msec; 57 msec
B
580 msec; 631 msec
C
995 msec; 900 msec
D
1.87 sec; 1.88 sec
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