Theories And Causes

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

 Children's problems must be considered in the context of their ____ .

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A

individual nature

B

family dynamics

C

community/culture

D

all of these

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

 Victor is fearful of approaching new situations and often appears inhibited. Victor's mother reports that she struggles with similar difficulties and he may have inherited it from her. This is an example of ____ .

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A

emotional influences

B

biological influences

C

cognitive influences

D

behavioral influences

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

 Etiology refers to the ____ of childhood disorders.

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A

possible root causes

B

possible treatments

C

various correlations

D

various preventions

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

 What is an underlying assumption with regard to abnormal child behavior?

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A

Abnormal development is solely determined by the child's genetic makeup.

B

Abnormal development is solely determined by the child's environment.

C

Abnormal development involves continuities and discontinuities.

D

Abnormal development focuses on extreme or bizarre behavior.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

 Isabella is 3 years old, and frequently demands attention, overreacts, and refuses to go to bed. These behaviors are considered ____ .

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A

typical because of her age

B

diagnosable as a clinical disorder

C

signs of an overly sensitive child

D

early warning signs of future difficulties

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

 Brett is an aggressive preschooler, who often bites other children and throws toys at his teacher. When Brett finished 3rd grade, he was asked to find another school to attend since he had repeatedly hit his classmates and kicked the principal. Brett's behavioral patterns are an example of

Choose correct answer/s
A
abnormal behavior that follows a discontinuities pattern.
B
abnormal behavior that follows a continuity pattern.
C
normal age appropriate development.
D
sociopathic behavior that is rare in young children.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

 When developmental psychopathologists view adaptive and maladaptive behaviors as the result of previous interactions and experiences spread over several years, they refer to the process as

Choose correct answer/s
A
typical development.
B
environmental determinants.
C
developmental cascades.
D
developmental theoretics.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

 An integrative approach to the psychopathology of a child means that

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A
maladaptive behaviors are acceptable.
B
all development takes place on a continuum.
C
more than one therapist has to see the child.
D
many theories and concepts can be used to explain behavior.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

 Most often, adaptational failure is due to a(n) ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
single, definable cause
B
longstanding biological maladaptation
C
ongoing interaction between the individual and environment
D
sudden onset of an environmental challenge
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

 A toddler learning to make sounds such as "mememe" and "bagabaga" before learning how to use intelligible language indicates a structure and process to development, otherwise known as the

Choose correct answer/s
A
organization of development.
B
hierarchy of development.
C
biological perspective.
D
integrative perspective.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

 The windows of time during which environmental influences on development are enhanced are called ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
sensitive periods
B
critical periods
C
crucial periods
D
necessary periods
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

 ____ , The brain develops and grows over a lifetime, but from birth to 11 years, the most dramatic changes occur. Problems or disruptions that occur when a child is young can lead to

Choose correct answer/s
A
disorganized development.
B
organic disorders.
C
hierarchical development.
D
broken synapses.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

 Children's development occurs in a(n) ____ manner.

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A
mostly random
B
strictly organized
C
strictly hierarchical
D
organized and hierarchical
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

 The developmental psychopathology approach to studying childhood disorders emphasizes the importance of developmental ____ .

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A
disruptions
B
processes and tasks
C
regressions
D
obstacles
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

 The two terms that are used to explain how a child's interaction with his/her environment can lead to the development of maladaptive behaviors are

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A
organized and interactive
B
interactive and proactive
C
transaction and interdependent
D
transaction and transition
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

 The role that a child's primary caretaker has in terms of that child's brain development is crucial, since those early experiences form the part of the brain that is responsible for their __ .

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A
planning and complex processes
B
Problem-solving skills
C
emotion, personality, and behavior
D
Fine and gross motor skills
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

 Brain maturity occurs in a(n) ____ fashion.

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A
mostly random
B
strictly organized
C
strictly hierarchical
D
organized and hierarchical
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

 Which statement about neural development is false?

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A
Most developing axons reach their destination even before a baby is born.
B
Synapses both proliferate and disappear in early childhood.
C
Brain connections are relatively predetermined and cannot be changed by the environment.
D
Primitive areas of the brain develop first.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

 Which statement about neural development is true?

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A
Major restructuring of the brain in relation to puberty occurs between 6 and 9 years of age.
B
The brain stops developing after 3 years of age.
C
Primitive areas of the brain mature last.
D
The prefrontal cortex and the cerebellum are not wired until a person is 5 to 7 years old.
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

 Which statement about our genetic makeup is false?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Genes determine behavior.
B
Genes are composed of DNA.
C
Genes produce proteins.
D
The expression of genes is influenced by the environment.
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