Kidney, urethra, bladder, ureters
Kidney, ureters, bladder, urethra
Bladder, kidney, ureters, urethra
Bladder, kidney, urethra, ureters
Protein level of 2 mg/100 mL
Urine output of 80 mL/hr
Specific gravity of 1.036
pH of 6.4
Assess for bladder distention.
Request an order for diuretics.
Increase the patient's intravenous fluid rate.
Encourage the patient to drink caffeinated beverages.
The patient can be anxious, making it difficult for abdominal and perineal muscles to relax enough to void.
The patient does not recognize the physiological signals that indicate a need to void.
The patient is lonely, and calling the nurse in under false pretenses is a way to get attention.
The patient is not drinking enough fluids to produce adequate urine output.
The patient may void uncontrollably during the procedure.
Local trauma sometimes promotes excessive urine incontinence.
Anesthetics can decrease bladder contractility and cause urinary retention.
The patient will not interrupt the procedure by asking to go to the bathroom.