The Urinary System

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The urinary system does all of the following except

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A

excreting excess albumin molecules.

B

regulating blood volume.

C

helping to stabilize blood pH.

D

eliminating organic waste products.

E

regulating plasma concentrations of electrolytes.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Functions of the urinary system include all of the following except

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A

regulation of blood volume and blood pressure.

B

regulation of plasma concentration of certain ions.

C

helping to stabilize blood pH.

D

conservation of valuable nutrients.

E

storage of fat-soluble vitamins.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The urinary function of elimination occurs through the

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A

liver.

B

glomerulus.

C

kidney.

D

ureter.

E

urethra.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Urine is carried to the urinary bladder by

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A

blood vessels.

B

lymphatics.

C

the ureters.

D

the urethra.

E

the calyces.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Each of the following organs is part of the urinary system except the

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A

kidney.

B

urinary bladder.

C

rectum.

D

ureter.

E

urethra.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Urine is temporarily stored in the

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A
urethra.
B
urinary bladder.
C
kidney.
D
ureter.
E
trigone.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Urine is carried from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body by the

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A
urethra.
B
glomerulus.
C
convoluted tubule.
D
ureter.
E
collecting duct.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Which of the following activities is not related to kidney function?

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A
control of hydrogen ion and pH in the blood
B
control of wastes in the blood
C
lipid digestion
D
regulation of blood pressure
E
maintenance of various blood ion concentrations
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The excretory functions of the urinary system are performed by the

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A
urethra.
B
ureters.
C
glomerulus.
D
urinary bladder.
E
kidneys.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

When the bladder is full, urine is eliminated through the process known as

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A
beta-oxidation.
B
defecation.
C
emesis.
D
micturition.
E
segmentation.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

A glomerulus is

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A
the expanded end of a nephron.
B
a knot of capillaries within the renal corpuscle.
C
the source of erythropoietin.
D
attached to the collecting duct.
E
the horseshoe-shaped segment of the nephron.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

All of the following are true of the kidneys except that they are

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A
located in a position that is retroperitoneal.
B
surrounded by a fibrous capsule.
C
located partly within the pelvic cavity.
D
held in place by the renal fascia.
E
covered by peritoneum.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

The prominent indentation on the medial surface of the kidney is the

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A
calyx.
B
pelvis.
C
ureter.
D
hilum.
E
pyramid.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

The renal sinus is

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A
the innermost layer of kidney tissue.
B
part of a renal pyramid.
C
an internal cavity lined by the fibrous capsule.
D
a large branch of the renal pelvis.
E
a renal corpuscle.
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

The outermost layer of the kidney is the

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A
renal cortex.
B
renal medulla.
C
major calyx.
D
fibrous capsule.
E
renal pelvis.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

The cavity of the kidney that receives urine from the calyces is called the

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A
renal papilla.
B
renal pelvis.
C
renal medulla.
D
renal cortex.
E
renal sinus.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

Blood leaves the glomerulus through a blood vessel called the

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A
afferent arteriole.
B
efferent arteriole.
C
vasa recta.
D
interlobular arteriole.
E
renal vein.
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

The condition called ________ is especially dangerous because the ureters or renal blood vessels can becometwisted or kinked during movement.

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A
polycystic kidney disease
B
floating kidney
C
pyelonephritis
D
renal calculi
E
renal failure
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

The ________ delivers urine to a minor calyx.

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A
nephron loop (loop of Henle)
B
distal convoluted tubule
C
papillary duct
D
renal corpuscle
E
ureter
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Typical renal blood flow is about ________ ml/min under resting conditions.

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A
500
B
800
C
1200
D
1800
E
2500
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