Vital Signs And Pain Assessment

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The pyrexia response is triggered by the production and release of:

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A

prostaglandins.

B

endogenous pyrogens.

C

hypothalamic enzymes.

D

thyroid hormones.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

During expiration, the internal intercostals:

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A

increase the force of muscular contraction.

B

decrease the lateral diameter during expiration.

C

decrease the intrathoracic space.

D

increase elastic recoil during expiration.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The fifth vital sign is:

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A

pain.

B

orientation.

C

waist-to-hip ratio.

D

body mass index (BMI).

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The Joint Commission (TJC) requires that:

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A

pain be assessed on all discharges.

B

repeated assessment of pain be limited to those patients who complain of pain.

C

repeated intensity documentation be made of the course of pain relief for all patients.

D

pain be assessed on surgical patients.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The perception of pain:

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A

is the same across cultures.

B

can be easily assessed in neonates.

C

is predictable with the same circumstances.

D

is affected by emotions and quality of sleep.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

The most frequent cause of serious hypertension in children is:

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A
heart disease.
B
liver failure.
C
renal disease.
D
rheumatic fever.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Underestimation of blood pressure will occur if the cuff's width covers:

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A
less than half of the upper arm.
B
less than 5 inches of the lower arm.
C
more than two-thirds of the upper arm.
D
more than 4 inches of the lower arm.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Which pulse characteristic in the neonate may indicate infection?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Bounding pulse rate
B
Regular pulse rate
C
Sustained high pulse rate
D
Intermittent slow pulse rate
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Infants delivered by Cesarean section demonstrate which respiratory characteristic in comparison to infants delivered vaginally?

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A
Slower respiratory rate
B
Faster respiratory rate
C
Shallower respirations
D
Deeper respirations
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Which occurs with malignant hypertension? (Select all that apply.)

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A
Blurred vision
B
Sleep disturbance
C
Tachycardia
D
Dyspnea
E
Encephalopathy
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

In a syndrome in which regional pain extends beyond this specific peripheral nerve injury, you would notice which of the following? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
Allodynia
B
Sleep disturbance
C
Blood flow changes
D
Numbness
E
Edema
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